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Ingredients List

Activated Charcoal
Activated Charcoal has been used effectively in the healing arts for centuries. Doctors still use it today as a healing agent, an antidote for poisons, and an effective treatment for indigestion and gas. Modern Industry also relies on Charcoal to deodorize, decolorize and purify solutions. Charcoal can do these varied tasks because of its amazing ability to attract other substances to its surface and hold them there. This is called adsorption. Charcoal can adsorb thousands of times its own weight in gases, heavy metals, poisons, and other chemicals, thus making them ineffective or harmless. The form of Charcoal used in modern medical science is Activated Charcoal U.S.P., a pure naturally produced, wood charcoal carbon that has no carcinogenic properties.

Alfalfa                       Medicago sativa
Alfalfa is a classic nutritive tonic herb, rich in chlorophyll, protein, calcium, trace minerals, folic acid, and vitamins B6, E and K. The strong nutrient effects seen with clinical use may be credited to either of two attributes unique to this paricular herb. First, the plant has an extraordinarily strong root system that penetrates up to sixty feet into the soil, allowing the herb to mine out precious nutrients. Second, the herb contains specified plant enzymes which enhance nutrient assimilation (Heinerman, 1980). Alfalfa is also a rich source of plant phytoestrogens, useful in balancing the hormones during menopause (De Leo et al., 1998). The vitamin K content may also be useful for maintaining bone density.

Here is a link to an article by Kate Forsyth in Be Healthy Today, where she lists many more benefits of this amazing herb. She looks at it from a Superfood perspective whereas mine is an herbalist one, however there is some good information here. Enjoy! https://behealthy.today/alfalfa-plant-everything-need-know-superfood/

SAFETY ISSUES: Alfalfa seeds and sprouts have induced lupus in primates and should be avoided by everyone due to the presence of an amino acid, L-canavanine. Patients with lupus or other connective tissue diseases should not ingest alfalfa in any form (Alcocer-Varela et al., 1985). (Please take into account that the primates in the study were fed exclusively on the seeds and sprouts and that no creature given a choice would do that.) 

Alkanet Root             Alkanna tinctoria
Alkanet root is primarily used as a natural dying agent, and it imparts a ruby red color to natural fibers, wool, wood, stone, lip balm, lipstick, ointments, salve, soap, lotion, and to tint oils, vinegar, tinctures, varnishes, or wine. In the past, Alkanet root was used to improve the appearance of low quality wines and ports, and to give an aged appearance to wine corks. However, Alkanet root is mainly used as a dying agent now, and is not recommended for internal use. In soap, Alkanet root will yield shades of pink, blue, and purple, depending upon the amount used, types of oil used, and the alkalinity of the soap.

Aloe Vera                 Aloe Barbadensis
Native Americans called Aloe "The Wand of Heaven". Today it is commonly called "The Burn Plant". The properties of Aloe Vera Gel, applied externally or taken internally, have been described in numerous scientific journals and reveals that the Aloe Vera contains more than 70 Essential Ingredients including most Vitamins, Minerals, Enzymes, Protein, Amino Acids and Vitamin B 12.

Apple cider vinegar     Acetic acid
Apple Cider Vinegar is an amazing food. It has been used historically through the centuries. In early Assyrian medical texts it was referred to for treatments. In 400 B.C. the "Father of Medicine" Hippocrates used vinegar to treat his patients because of its wonderful antiseptic and antibiotic properties which scientists have rediscovered today. Apple cider vinegar is a powerhouse of vitamins, mineral, antioxidants, and dietary fiber. It has little fat and sodium. It is high in potassium helping to re-establish a healthy digestive tract. It is a wonderful super food promoting growth of healthy microflora in the body which is essential to heart health and proper immune function. Apple cider vinegar is high in pectin which lowers blood pressure. It lowers the bad cholesterol and increases the good cholesterol helping the body to function correctly.

Arrowroot powder      maranta arundinacea powder
Arrowroot flour, the only starch with a calcium ash, is a nutritious food, obtained from the fleshy root stock of a tropical American plant. It is an easily digested food well fitted for infants and the convalescent. It resembles cornstarch in being white, fine and powdery. When heated in water in certain portions, it thickens to form a jelly, an excellent thickening agent. It is also considered more desirable for gravies, sauces and pastries than some of the more common starches and flours. Arrowroot was once widely used in baby formulas as a superior carbohydrate, experience having shown it agreed with babies better than any other starch or sugar. We now find the reason. It is the only starch product with a calcium ash. In this regard, the calcium chloride, in the form of calcium found in arrowroot starch, is very important for the maintenance of proper acid and alkali balances in the human body.
Arrowroot as it comes to you is not a refined product; it is simply the dried and powdered root.

Arnica                        Arnica Montana
Arnica (Arnica montana) has been used for medicinal purposes since the 1500s and remains popular today. Applied topically as a cream, ointment, liniment, salve, or tincture, Europeans and Native Americans have used arnica to soothe muscle aches, reduce inflammation, and heal wounds. It is often the first remedy used for injuries such as sprains and bruises. Arnica in herbal form is primarily restricted to topical (external) use because it can cause serious side effects when taken internally. Arnica is often used in homeopathy, and should be taken internally only in the extremely diluted form common to homeopathic remedies. If you have any question about whether you have the herbal or homeopathic form of arnica, talk to your doctor before taking it.

Astragalus                  Astragalus membranaceus
Astragalus is a plant native to Asia. The Chinese name of the herb, huang qi, means "yellow leader", because the root is yellow and it is considered to be one of the most important herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. The part of the plant used medicinally is the root. Astragaus is an adaptogen, meaning it helps protect the body against various stresses, including physical, mental, or emotional stress. It contains antioxidants, which protect cells against damage caused by free radicals, byproducts of cellular energy. Astragalus is used to protect and support the immune system, for preventing colds and upper respiratory infections, to lower blood pressure, to treat diabetes, and to protect the liver. Astragalus has antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is sometimes used topically for wounds. In addition, studies have shown that astragalus has antiviral properties.
Astragalus may interfere with the effectiveness of corticosteroid medications, such as:
• Nasacort (triamcinolone)
• Beconase, Vancenase (beclomethasone)
• Decadron (dexamethasone)
• Deltasone (prednisone)
• hydrocortisone
• Medrol (methylprednisolone)
• prednisolone
Astragalus may decrease the effectiveness of drugs that suppress the immune system, such as Imuran (azathioprine), CellCept, cyclosporine, Prograf, Rapamune and Zenapak.
Theoretically, astragalus can increase the effectiveness of antiviral medications such as acyclovir and amantadine.

Baking Soda               Sodium bicarbonate
used in bath Salts, baking soda soothes the skin.

It was rightly pointed out to me that baking soda has a very high pH, so always make sure to use it in a mixture (like the water in a bath), and not directly on the skin. Having said that, a paste made from baking soda and water is a good reliever of bee stings....

Bayberry bark             Myrica cerifera powder
Powdered bayberry root is useful as a bowel astringent in the treatment of diarrhea and colitis, a soothing and helpful gargle for the common cold or a sore throat , and as a douche in the treatment of leukorrhea, an abnormal white or yellow mucoid discharge from the vagina or cervix. In the Herbal Materia Medica, bayberry root bark is classified as an astringent, a circulatory stimulant, as well as a diaphoretic, a remedy which dilates superficial capillaries and induces perspiration, sometimes used to reduce fevers.Bayberry tea has been used as a tonic, stimulant, and diarrhea treatment. Plant parts are also used to heal wounds. Bayberry has been used as a gargle. Powdered bayberry root, if inhaled, can cause convulsive episodes of both sneezing and coughing.

Beeswax                     Cera Alba
Beeswax is a natural wax produced in the bee hive of honey bees of the genus Apis. It is mainly esters of fatty acids and various long chain alcohols. The pure, unrefined variety smells strongly of honey and often comes complete with assorted insect parts. That's how you know it's the real thing! (And just so you know, the insect parts are cleaned out prior to the wax being used in any of our products.)

Black walnut                Juglans nigra hull powder
Black Walnut has anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, and antiviral properties, and has earned a great reputation as a vermifuge and anti-parasitical remedy, particularly for the intestinal tract. Traditionally, black walnut has been used to treat hemorrhoids, intestinal worms, parasites, fevers, wounds and bruises, and is effective on the malaria parasite and tapeworm. As a rich source of organic iodine, black walnut (the hulls in particular) also gained much popularity as nourishment for the thyroid, especially in the interior parts of the country where sea vegetables were hard to come by.

Borax                          sodium borate

In my continuing research I have discovered something very interesting about sodium borate. It is a highly effective heavy metal detoxifier. Perhaps that is why I have not been able to find a suitable substitute, and now I shall stop trying.

In nature, boron combines to form boric acid and inorganic salts called borates and does not exist by itself. Borax is a form of hydrous sodium borate that forms from the evaporation of saline lakes. It is also synthesized as a byproduct of borate deposit mining. It is normally colourless, white or light grey, but can be tinted light shades of blue, green and yellow. Naturally occurring borax is translucent due to water in its structure, but develops a white powder on its surface as the water evaporates. The name borax comes from the Arabic ‘buraq’ meaning ‘white’.

Borax is not acutely toxic. It’s median lethal dose score is tested at 2.66 gm/kg in rats, so a significant amount is needed to cause symptoms. Rest assured that I will continue to look for a completely non-toxic, natural substitute, and know that the amount I use for emulsification is approximately 2%. To put that into "real" terms, if you use 30 ml (about 2 tablespoons) of body lotion, the borax content is 0.6 ml, which is about 17 drops.  Not perfect, but better than many other things that I have tried. And I will never stop trying. In the meantime, check out this article:

For those of you who want more info, read this excellent Crunchy Betty article where she expounds the toxicity levels of borax; I couldn’t have said it better myself, thanks Betty.

Calendula                    calendula officinalis
Calendula has a long history of use as a wound-healing and skin-soothing botanical. This lovely marigoldlike flower (although called pot marigold, it is not a true marigold) is considered a vulnerary agent, a substance that promotes healing. Calendula also has anti-inflammatory and weak antimicrobial activity. It is most often used topically for lacerations, abrasions, and skin infections; less commonly, it is used internally to heal inflamed and infected mucous membranes.

Carrot                          Daucus carota
Carrot oil is rich in beta carotene, vitamins A and E and provitamin A. Carrot oil helps to heal dry, chapped and cracked skin, balances the moisture in skin, and it conditions hair well. Carrot oil is a good addition to facial creams and lotions. My carrot oil is created by infusing organic carrot root in grapeseed oil.

Castor Oil                   Ricinus Communis Seed Oil
Castor oil is bitter and slightly sweet in taste. There are no known safety issues for external use. However, do not use for internal purposes with intestinal obstruction. Do not use internally for more than 10 days consecutively. Warning: Do not ingest seeds--they are poisonous.
Castor oil is used externally to stimulate movement and elimination in the lymphatic system, and internally as a laxative. Never use castor oil internally as a laxative for more than one or two days per month due to its potency and bad taste. However, like other laxatives, it can be used to cleanse the bowels in cases of chronic or acute skin eruptions. Following the Ayurvedic tradition, short-term use of a potent laxative like castor oil is recommended if the patient suffers from heart disease, severe hypertension (to quickly reduce elevated blood pressure), or chronic fever.

Recently I heard that a castor oil bath is a wonderful toxin-remover. So I tried it, 1 cup of oil in a hot bath for a minimum of 30 minutes. It was a very interesting experience! The most immediate, noticeable effect was the ridges in my fingernails smoothed out quite a bit. Also, I had the remnants of a skin reaction to a new ingredient (no I am not using it!) that just hadn't gone away on the backs of my hands, and after the bath it was just gone. Nice! If you decide to try it, have a bottle of "clean" liquid soap on hand for cleanup, you'll have to lather and rinse at least twice. And be careful getting out of the tub!!

Cayenne pepper          Capsicum annuum
Cayenne pepper has been used for centuries as a medicinal and culinary herb and undoubtedly most just think of them as "those hot red peppers" to be used for spicing up food or to be used primarily in cooking Asian cuisine, but it is so much more.
Much scientific research has been initiated to validate what naturopathic practitioners have known for years: It can stop heart attacks, nourish the heart with vital nutrients, remove plaque from the arteries, help rebuild flesh destroyed or harmed by frosbite, heal hemorrhoids, re-build stomach tissue, heal stomach ulcers, and can mitigate the most wrenching of diseases. Continuing, it is great for circulation, can rebuild blood cells, lowers cholesterol, emulsifies triglycerides, removes toxins from the bloodstream and improves overall heart health. It's even a great insect repellent.
As mentioned, it can also heal ulcers, which seems contradictory considering its native calidity or heat. It immediately equalizes blood pressure in your system, and heals the gall bladder. It can be used as a diuretic as well helping in elimination both with urine and with the built-up fecal matter in the intestines. It has wonderful, scientifically-proven antifungal properties as well.
Cayenne pepper is very high in some key vitamins, namely vitamins A, the B vitamin complex, vitamin C, calcium, vitamin K, niaicin, iron, and the minerals potassium and manganese. It is highly beneficial for the heart and its high concentration of potassium is a key component of that benefit.
Cayenne pepper's bright red color indicates its high content of beta-carotene or specifically pro-vitamin A. Cayenne is highly regarded as "the anti-infection" vitamin as its high concentration of vitamin A is essential for epithelial tissues and mucous membranes. The body's first line of defense against invading pathogens is the healthy epithelial tissues and the mucous membranes that line the nasal passages, urinary tract, anus, lungs and intestinal tract. Notwithstanding its calidity or heat, cayenne peppers or cayenne is great for the stomach and intestines. Among herbalists and homeopathics, it is virtually legendary in what it can do to help strengthen the heart.

Chickweed                  Stellaria media
Chickweed is best known for it's ability to cool inflammation and speed healing for internal or external flare-ups. Herbalists often recommend it as a poultice or ointment for skin irritations, skin abscesses and boils. Chickweed poultices are useful for cooling and soothing minor burns and skin irritations, and rashes particularly when associated with dryness and itching.
Fresh chickweed can be eaten in summer salads and can be fed to companion animals to assist in the expulsion of hair balls, and sooth the digestive tract. Chickweed is an effective and gentle laxative. The seeds are food for finches and many other seed-eating birds.

Cinnamon                   Cinnamomum Zeylanicum powder
This is a super effective step for balancing blood sugar. Sprinkle cinnamon liberally on your food. You heard me right. This common, every day spice is incredibly effective at restoring sensitivity of your cells to insulin, so you no longer have rapidly fluctuating blood sugars and the between meal irritability says bye-bye. In some studies, cinnamon has shown an amazing ability to stop medication-resistant yeast infections. In a study published by researchers at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Maryland, cinnamon reduced the proliferation of leukemia and lymphoma cancer cells. It has an anti-clotting effect on the blood. In a study at Copenhagen University, patients given half a teaspoon of cinnamon powder combined with one tablespoon of honey every morning before breakfast had significant relief in arthritis pain after one week and could walk without pain within one month. When added to food, it inhibits bacterial growth and food spoilage, making it a natural food preservative. One study found that smelling cinnamon boosts cognitive function and memory. Researchers at Kansas State University found that cinnamon fights the E. coli bacteria in unpasteurized juices. It is a great source of manganese, fiber, iron, and calcium. But before you go out and start ingesting massive amounts of cinnamon, do your due diligence and check out the side effects first. And do not take more than 1/2 teaspoon a day.

go into soaps to add colour and help hold the fragrance of essential oils. In larger quantities, they help cleanse the skin.
Green Clay absorbs and removes impurities from the skin, stimulating blood flow to create healthy and glowing skin. When prepared as a mask, the clay dries on the skin causing pores to tighten and the skin to feel firm, toned and refreshed. Green Clay can be used in poultices to treat arthritis, sore muscles, and sprains; in ready-to-use pastes for application to cuts, bruises, insect bites, stings, and minor burns; and mineral baths for stress relief. It is suitable for all skin types.
Rhassoul Clay is an exceptional clay with multipurpose assets. Its most impressive properties in skin improvement are its capacity of absorption due to its high level of ions exchange. Studies have shown that it is reputed to reduce dryness and flakiness, improve skin clarity and elasticity. It is rich in magnesium, Silica, potassium and calcium. It can apparently also reduce large pores when used in a facial mask.

Cloves                        Eugenia Caryophyllus powder
Cloves are high in many minerals, including iron, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, calcium, hydrochloric acid, potassium, and the vitamins C , K and A. They are also extremely rich in manganese and dietary fiber.4 The main chemical component responsible for cloves powerful analgesic, anaesthetic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects, as well as clove's distinctive aromatic smell, is a substance called eugenol. This plant phenol is often extracted from clove to be used as a natural local antiseptic and analgesic for dentistry and toothache pain.

Clove is a natural antiviral, antimicrobial, antiseptic, and anti-fungal agent. It also holds aphrodisiac and circulation-stimulating capacities. The oil of cloves has been used in a variety of health conditions including indigestion, generalized stress, parasitic infestations, cough, toothaches, headache, and blood impurities. In fact, the expert panel German Commission recently approved the use of its essential oil as a topical antiseptic and anaesthetic.

Cocoa Butter              Theobroma cacao Seed Butter 
pressed from the roasted seeds of the cocoa plant. It’s a fabulous moisturizer, melts at body temperature and smells just like chocolate. Used in soaps and moisturizers. It has skin softening properties. Helps prevent scaring and stretch marks.

Cocoa Powder            Theobroma cacao Seed Powder
Used as a natural brown color for soap as well as the properties that the butter provides.

Coconut Milk                Cocos Nucifera Milk
Coconuts and coconut cream or milk contain small amounts of a wide range of vitamins and minerals, and are especially high in potassium and folate, vital nutrients.

Coconut Oil                  Cocos nucifera Oil
pressed from the kernel of the coconut, this oil provides terrific, fluffy lather in soaps. It's also a great skin moisturizer, although too much can be drying.

Comfrey                       Symphytum Officinale
Comfrey leaf and comfrey root have been used from very ancient times, and is one of nature's greatest healers. Both leaves and roots of comfrey contain allantoin, a naturally occurring substance that promotes tissue growth. Comfrey soothes and heals the inflamed tissues in a most remarkable way. It is also anti-inflammatory and used for bruises, dislocations and sprains. Both comfrey herb and comfrey root are used to reduce swelling, stop bleeding and to reduce pain. Comfrey is high in calcium, potassium, and other trace minerals.The leaves are rich in vitamins A and C.  (Go to
 http://www.herballegacy.com/Comfrey.html to see the documentation The School of Natural Healing sent to the FDA and the FTC refuting their claims that Comfrey is harmful. Included is a list of problems they saw in the studies that the FDA and FTC used to make their decision.)

Dandelion                     Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion is bitter, slightly pungent and sweet in taste. It speeds removal of inflammation and dampness from the liver, intestines and gall bladder, and detoxifies the blood. The leaf promotes urination. Dandelion is receiving a bit less press than it used to, due to the publicity surrounding newer and more glamorous herbs. It has a worldwide reputation among traditional healers for its beneficial and safe effects on the liver, and its gentle nature allows it to be used safely over long periods of time. Most people are familiar with dandelion, and we know its leaves make a fine, mildly bitter salad green, delicious when tossed with sea salt, lemon juice and olive oil. Dandelion is rich in minerals like iron, phosphorus, calcium, potassium, boron and vitamins A, B, and C. It contains up to 25% inulin, a phyto-chemical also found in high levels in burdock root and echinacea. Research suggests inulin may improve absorption of iron from foods, making it useful for anemia. It seems to selectively nourish and increase the body's supply of favorable intestinal bacteria such as bifidobacteria (Rao, 1999). Other components of the herb, including triperpeoid saponins, have been found to stimulate macrophage activity in animals and prevent tumor growth (Takasaki et al., 1999). Its bitter components stimulate the nerves in the stomach to secrete more acid, gently stimulating appetite and improving nutrient absorption. Improvement in the clearance of bile has a general anti-inflammatory action, and this is most likely responsible for its reputation for improving skin disorders.

Dandelion is also known by Western herbalists to be a valuable non-irritating diuretic. Because it is rich in potassium, a vital mineral often lost when the kidneys are over-stimulated by drugs, it can be used safely to treat water retention even when caused by weakness of the heart. The leaf is more effective than the root as a diuretic.

TCM doctors value dandelion highly, using it to reduce fire in the liver, especially when accompanied by red, swollen eyes. They also use it for detoxification, hepatitis, acute infections, flu, headache and skin ulcers. TAM doctors consider it to be an anti-poison. They use it for dysentery, fevers and vomiting.

Emulsifying Wax
From Wikipedia
Emulsifying wax is a cosmetic emulsifying ingredient. The ingredient name is often followed by the initials NF, indicating that it conforms to the specifications of the National Formulary.
Emulsifying wax is created when a wax material (either a vegetable wax of some kind or a petroleum-based wax) is treated with a detergent (typically sodium dodecyl sulfate or polysorbates) to cause it to make oil and water bind together into a smooth emulsion. It is a white waxy solid with a low fatty alcohol odor.
The ingredients for Emulsifying Wax NF are: Cetearyl Alcohol, Polysorbate 60, PEG-150 Stearate, and Steareth-20. It has the characteristics of cetyl alcohol combined with the viscosity building effect of stearyl alcohol as an effective thickener and helps form stable emulsions.
The above is why I don't use this. Most manufacturers won't tell you if it's a petroleum sourced wax, and anything with  numbers is by definition a chemical.

I have done some new research on ewax, after having found many "organic" lotions that have it, and have had my original views confirmed. Ewax has no place in organic products. Period. Check out this article by a self-professed chemistry nerd, she says it like I think it:


Elder                            Sambucus nigra
Most parts of this plant are emetic, hydragogue and cathartic. The flowers are diaphoretic, diuretic, alterative, emollient, antiseptic and gently stimulant. An infusion of the plant is good for a headache due to a cold and is also helpful in jaundice and kidney complaints. A tea made from the flowers of elderberry is said to be quieting to twitching and good for inflammation of the eyes if taken internally. The berries are high in iron which makes them good for anemic conditions. The inner green bark is cathartic as an infusion in wine or expressed juice. It should be taken in doses from ½ fluid oz. to 1 fluid oz. It is a moderate purge, while large doses will produce vomiting. It is cleansing in small doses. It is used in dropsy to expel water. In children's diseases, it is quite good for liver derangement. Caution: Sambucus pubens (red elderberry) is said to be poisonous. Kingsbury says that the berries cause little more than nausea in humans, (especially if cooked with the seeds removed) but the root and stem can be dangerous. Children should be discouraged from using the stems to make blow-guns and flutes. The plant is distinguished by its red or yellowish berries.

Epsom Salt                   Magnesium sulfate
Epsom Salts soothe the skin and help draw toxins from the body.

Evening primrose           Oenothera biennis
Evening primrose oil is an exceptionally nourishing oil for the skin because it is high in the essential fatty acid known as gamma-linolenic acid. The human body does not produce essential fatty acids such as linoleic and linolenic acids. It, therefore, is important to obtain these nutrients through diet and topical application. Essential fatty acids inhibit bacterial growth and allow our systems to defend against infection and inflammation. Evening Primrose oil is recommended for dry skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis. It is a nourishing addition to facial blend, cream, lotion and balm formulations.

Heal-all                          Prunella vulgaris
Heal-All is edible and medicinal, can be used in salads, soups, stews, or boiled as a pot herb. Used as an alternative medicine for centuries on just about every continent in the world, and for just about every ailment known to man, Heal-All is something of a panacea, it does seem to have some medicinal uses that are constant. The whole plant is medicinal as alterative, antibacterial, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, hypotensive, stomachic, styptic, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary. A cold water infusion of the freshly chopped or dried and powdered leaves is a very tasty and refreshing beverage, weak infusion of the plant is an excellent medicinal eye wash for sties and pinkeye. It is taken internally as a medicinal tea in the treatment of fevers, diarrhoea, sore mouth and throat, internal bleeding, and weaknesses of the liver and heart. Clinical analysis shows it to have an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of pseudomonas, Bacillus typhi, E. coli, Mycobacterium tuberculi, which supports its use as an alternative medicine internally and externally as an antibiotic and for hard to heal wounds and diseases. It is showing promise in research for cancer, AIDS, diabetes, and many other maladies.

Hemp Seed Oil              Cannibis Sativa Seed Oil
George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both grew hemp. Ben Franklin owned a mill that made hemp paper. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence on hemp paper. Hemp oil is known as "Nature's Most Perfectly Balanced Oil." It contains 81% of the hard to find polyunsaturated Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs). Aside from their unmatched nutritional value, these oils have the ability to enter directly into the lipid layers of dry skin cells and replenish the oils missing due to sun exposure, poor nutrition or other abuse. The EFAs, vitamins, and enzymes are easily absorbed by the skin and contribute moisturizing qualities to cosmetics and soap. Dermatologists claim that EFAs replenish dry skin, preventing cell loss and causing younger looking skin. Hemp seed oil has been used to soothe and heal dry skin and minor burns. 
Jojoba Oil                    Simmondsia chinensis Seed Oil
is one of my favourites. It’s very close to your body’s own oil (sebum) so it’s easily absorbed. Jojoba is actually a liquid wax, offering the traits of both an oil and a wax to make it an ideal ingredient within soap, cream, lotion, balm and massage oil formulations. It comes from the seeds of the jojoba shrub and provides part of the base for all my cremes. It penetrates the skin rapidly to nourish it; also softens and moisturizes mature and dry skin. Jojoba helps to heal inflamed skin conditions such as psoriasis or any form of dermatitis, helps control acne and oily scalps. Since it has antioxidant properties, it can keep other oils from going rancid.

NeoDefend - trade name of Gluconolactone (and) Sodium Benzoate

There has been some concern expressed with this preservative in my products. While I continue to test other preservatives, this is the one that so far is the best that I have found. I use it at a 2% rate in my cremes, which means that the total amount of sodium benzoate is less than .3% by volume. In real terms, that means that a 60ml jar of creme contains about 8 drops of sodium benzoate. Not perfect, but much better than all the others that I have tested. And I continue to research and seek out a purer preservative.

Derived from ingredients granted GRAS status (Generally Regarded As Safe), NeoDefend’s ingredients are accepted by ECOCERT as preservatives in certified organic cosmetics. Consisting of a blend of gluconolactone, sodium benzoate and calcium gluconate, it offers broad spectrum protection in cosmetic and personal care formulations.

A gluten-free fermented food starch derived from non genetically-modified corn via a fermentation process with non genetically-modified microorganisms, gluconolactone finds use in the food and cosmetic industry as a moisturizer, antioxidant and chelant. Considered a next generation AHA, Gluconolactone is a Polyhydroxy acid (PHA) that is found in its final state in bee’s honey. It is generally considered suitable for all skin types, including sensitive skin, and is non-irritating and antioxidant. Given their ability to condition and hydrate skin, Gluconolactone-containing formulations may even smooth skin texture and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Sodium benzoate is a preservative with bacteriostatic and fungistatic properties under acidic conditions (pH should be 6 or below). Calcium gluconate is added at a very low level as an inert flow agent.

According to Skin Deep Cosmetic Database, this about sodium benzoate:

Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications


Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Limited evidence of sense organ toxicity
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful
Classified as a low human health priority



Not suspected to be an environmental toxin



Cancer - not classifiable/not likely to be human carcinogen


Multiple, additive exposure sources

Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food


Persistence and bioaccumulation

Not suspected to be persistent

Not suspected to be bioaccumulative



Broad spectrum protection
Globally accepted
Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) ingredients

Improves skin moisture content
Broad compatibility with cosmetic ingredients
Exceptional toxicity profile
Non-sensitizing and non-irritating
Effective over a pH range of pH 3 - 6
No animal testing, non GMO

Olive Oil                      Olea europaea Oil             
is a great moisturizer. It doesn’t block pores and holds moisture close to your skin. Used as a major ingredient in soaps. I don't personally use it much in cremes as I find it to be a bit heavy, but that is just my own opinion!

Palm Oil                       Hydrogenated Palm Oil
is pressed from the pulp of the fruit from a variety of palm tree. Used in soaps to make a hard, long-lasting bar.

Palm Stearic Acid         Stearic acid
a vegetable emulsifier used to bind the oils and water together into creme.

Potassium Sorbate    
a food grade preservative very good at preventing the growth of mold. Derived from the berries of the Mountain Ash tree, but almost all supply is lab-made.

Sunflower Oil               Helianthus annuus Seed Oil
Is rich in Vitamins A and E and goes into soaps and some cremes

Tinosan                        Tinosan SDC
I’m excited to find this new preservative. It’s an anti-microbial made of a unique electrochemical process with silver salt and citrc acid.
An argument could be made that it’s not completely natural, but it’s a lot closer than other preservatives. However, it doesn't play well with the beeswax/borax emulsifier so it is not used in my cremes.

Vegetable Glycerin        Glycerin
A sweet, warm tasting oily fluid obtained by adding alkalies to fats and oils. Glycerin promotes hydration of the skin. It is a solvent, humectant, and emollient that is a byproduct of soap.

Vitamin E                     Alpha Tocopherol
a natural anti-oxidant


Here is a link for an informative article and a fabulous short video:



(if the link doesn't work just copy and paste it into your browser)